A novel approach for numerical simulation of plant tissue shrinkage during drying

Karunasena, H. C. P. and Senadeera, W. and Brown, R. J. and Gu, Y. T. (2014) A novel approach for numerical simulation of plant tissue shrinkage during drying. In: International Research Symposium on Postharvest Technology 2014: Safe Food for Healthy Life, 19 June 2014, Anuradapura, Sri-Lanka.

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Abstract

Drying is a key processing techniques used in food engineering which demands continual developments on advanced analysis techniques in order to optimize the product and the process. In this regard, plant based materials are a frequent subject of interest where microstructural studies can provide a clearer understanding on the fundamental physical mechanisms involved. In this context, considering numerous challenges of using conventional numerical grid-based modelling techniques, a meshfree particle based model was developed to simulate extreme deformations of plant microstructure during drying. The proposed technique is based on a particle based meshfree method: Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and a Discrete Element Method (DEM). A tissue model was developed by aggrading individual cells modelled with SPH-DEM coupled approach by initializing the cells as hexagons and aggregating them to form a tissue. The model also involves a middle lamella resembling real tissues. Using the model, different dried tissue states were simulated with different moisture content, the turgor pressure, and cell wall contraction effects. Compared to the state of the art grid-based microscale plant tissue drying models, the proposed model is capable of simulating plant tissues at lower moisture contents which results in excessive shrinkage and cell wall wrinkling. Model predictions were compared with experimental findings and a fairly good agreement was observed both qualitatively and quantitatively.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Responsibilities for the contents of the articles included in this publication remain with the respective authors.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2017 05:10
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2017 00:56
Uncontrolled Keywords: food drying, plant cells, SPH, moisture content, shrinkage
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0908 Food Sciences > 090802 Food Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30556

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