Oil contaminated sand: an emerging and sustainable construction material

Abousnina, Rajab M. and Manalo, Allan and Lokuge, Weena and Shiau, Jim (2015) Oil contaminated sand: an emerging and sustainable construction material. In: 2015 International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering and Construction, 10-13 May 2015 , Chicago, USA.

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Crude oil spillage severely impacts the environment and affects the physical and chemical properties of the surrounding soil. Due to prohibitive cost of cleaning and disposing oil contaminated sand, mixing and stabilizing them with cement and using them in construction is now considered as an alternative and cheap remediation method. In this paper, the effect of o il contamination on the mechanical properties of sand and its concrete were reviewed . In addition, the results of the on-going research and development on the effects of light crude oil contamination on the properties of fine sand and the produced mortar are presented. For fine sand contaminated with light crude oil, it was found that the cohesion increased significantly up to 1% of oil contamination and then decreased with increasing percentage of crude oil while a slight reduction in frictional angle was observed with oil contamination. The highest compressive strength was obtained for mortar with 1% oil contamination and with only a 18% decrease in strength of mortar with 10% oil contamination compared to the uncontaminated samples. More importantly, the compressive strength of mortar with oil contaminated sand was found suitable for some engineering applications indicating their high potential and beneficial use as an emerging and sustainable material in building and construction.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2017 03:03
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2017 06:04
Uncontrolled Keywords: crude oil, contamination, remediation, sustainable
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090501 Civil Geotechnical Engineering
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960604 Environmental Management Systems
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.453
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30493

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