The LC-MS-based metabolomics of hydroxytyrosol administration in rats reveals amelioration of the metabolic syndrome

Lemonakis, Nikolaos and Poudyal, Hemant and Halabalaki, Maria and Brown, Lindsay and Tsarbopoulos, Anthony and Skaltsounis, Alexios-Leandros and Gikas, Evagelos (2017) The LC-MS-based metabolomics of hydroxytyrosol administration in rats reveals amelioration of the metabolic syndrome. Journal of Chromatography B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences, 1041 (1041-1042). pp. 45-59. ISSN 1570-0232

Abstract

Hydroxytyrosol (HT), an important component of olive fruit and olive oil, improves the signs of metabolic syndrome in rats following chronic treatment. At a dose of 20 mg/kg/day, HT decreased adiposity and improved cardiovascular and liver structure and function in rats fed with a high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet. An untargeted metabolomics approach has been employed using both UPLC-Orbitrap and -QqTOFmethods to identify the changes induced by chronic HT administration on the plasma metabolome. 31 metabolites have been found to be differentially expressed between the examined groups. HT was shown to decrease biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, fatty acid biosynthesis, and the metabolism of linoleic acid, retinol, sphingolipids and arachidonic acid, whereas glycerolipid metabolism is up-regulated. These are plausible mechanisms for the attenuation by HT of cardiovascular, liver and metabolic changes invhigh-carbohydrate, high-fat diet fed rats.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2017 00:56
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2018 23:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydroxytyrosol; metabolomics; metabolic pathway analysis; metabolic syndrome
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences > 111501 Basic Pharmacology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2016.12.020
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30482

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