Medical geology in the framework of the sustainable development goals

Bundschuh, Jochen and Maity, Jyoti Prakash and Mushtaq, Shahbaz Mushtaq and Vithange, Meththika and Seneweera, Saman and Schneider, Jerusa and Bhattacharya, Prosun and Khan, Nasreen Islam and Hamawand, Ihsan and Guilherme, Luiz R. G. and Reardon-Smith, Kathryn and Parvez, Faruque and Morales-Simfors, Nury and Ghaze, Sara and Pudmenzky, Christa and Kouadio, Louis and Chen, Chien-Yen (2017) Medical geology in the framework of the sustainable development goals. Science of The Total Environment, 581-582. pp. 87-104. ISSN 0048-9697

Abstract

Exposure to geogenic contaminants (GCs) such as metal(loid)s, radioactive metals and isotopes as well as transuraniums occurring naturally in geogenic sources (rocks, minerals) can negatively impact on environmental and human health. The GCs are released into the environment by natural biogeochemical processes within the near-surface environments and/or by anthropogenic activities such as mining and hydrocarbon exploitation as well as exploitation of geothermal resources. They can contaminate soil, water, air and biota and subsequently enter the food chain with often serious health impacts which are mostly underestimated and poorly recognized. Global population explosion and economic growth and the associated increase in demand for water, energy, food, and mineral resources result in accelerated release of GCs globally. The emerging science of “medical geology” assesses the complex relationships between geo-environmental factors and their impacts on humans and environments and is related to the majority of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals in the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations for Sustainable Development. In this paper, we identify multiple lines of evidence for the role of GCs in the incidence of diseases with as yet unknown etiology (causation). Integrated medical geology promises a more holistic understanding of the occurrence, mobility, bioavailability, bio-accessibility, exposure and transfer mechanisms of GCs to the food-chain and humans, and the related ecotoxicological impacts and health effects. Scientific evidence based on this approach will support adaptive solutions for prevention, preparedness and response regarding human and environmental health impacts originating from exposure to GCs.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2017 01:58
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2018 05:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: Medical geology; Geogenic contaminants; Toxic trace elements; Public health; Water resources; Food chain
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050304 Soil Chemistry (excl. Carbon Sequestration Science)
04 Earth Sciences > 0403 Geology > 040307 Ore Deposit Petrology
05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050305 Soil Physics
04 Earth Sciences > 0403 Geology > 040310 Sedimentology
03 Chemical Sciences > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030502 Natural Products Chemistry
04 Earth Sciences > 0402 Geochemistry > 040204 Organic Geochemistry
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.11.208
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30397

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