OLE1 and HSP30 affect yeast membrane fluidity modulation during growth and in response to glucose

Learmonth, Robert and Butcher, Brett A. (2007) OLE1 and HSP30 affect yeast membrane fluidity modulation during growth and in response to glucose. In: 23rd International Conference on Yeast Genetics and Molecular Biology, 1-6 Jul 2007, Melbourne, Australia.

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Adaptation of yeasts to changing environments during growth, fermentation and bioprocessing requires rapid modulation of membrane fluidity. We studied fluidity modulation in S. cerevisiae FY1679-28c and its mutants lacking lipid desaturase ole1 or membrane-associated hsp30. We assessed relationships between fluidity and physiological parameters during aerobic and anaerobic batch culture, as well as
membrane responses to glucose availability, determining progressive fluidity changes with fluorescent
membrane probes. During batch growth the parent strain evidenced balanced relationships between
membrane fluidity, phospholipid and fatty acyl composition, growth rate, glucose or ethanol consumption and viability. However the ole1 and hsp30 deletants appeared out of balance with less efficient metabolism (higher nutrient consumption), lower budding rates and lower viability. The ole defect was rectified by supplementation with C18:1 or C18:2. The hsp30 defect had particular impact over the transition at glucose exhaustion. The parent had negligible membrane fluidity response to glucose while the hsp30 and ole1 deletants both showed marked changes in fluidity on glucose addition above (0.5% w/v) or below (0.1%) the catabolite repression threshold. Thus membrane responses in the deletants were different to the parent strain, indicating that their fluidity regulation mechanisms were unbalanced by ablation of the activities of either of these membrane-associated proteins.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Abstract only available.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:19
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: yeast, hsp30, ole1, membranes
Fields of Research : 06 Biological Sciences > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060110 Receptors and Membrane Biology
10 Technology > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100303 Fermentation
06 Biological Sciences > 0605 Microbiology > 060503 Microbial Genetics
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/3018

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