Continuous treatment of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste in an anaerobic two-stage membrane process with liquid recycle

Trzcinski, A. P. and Stuckey, D. C. (2009) Continuous treatment of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste in an anaerobic two-stage membrane process with liquid recycle. Water Research, 43 (9). pp. 2449-2462. ISSN 0043-1354

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The stability and performance of a two-stage anaerobic membrane process was investigated at different organic loading rates (OLRs) and Hydraulic Retention Times (HRTs) over 200 days. The Hydrolytic Reactor (HR) was fed with the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW), while the leachate from the HR was fed continuously to two Submerged Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactors (SAMBR1 and 2). The Total COD (TCOD) of the leachate varied over a wide range, typically between 4000 and 26,000 mg/L while the Soluble COD(SCOD) in the permeate was in the range 400–600 mg/L, achieving a COD removal greater than 90% at a HRT of 1.6–2.3 days in SAMBR1. The operation was not sustainable below this HRT due to a membrane flux limitation at 0.5–0.8 L/m2 h (LMH), which was linked to the increasing MLTSS. SCOD in the recycled permeate did not build up indicating a slow degradation of recalcitrants over time. SAMBR2 was run in parallel with SAMBR1 but its permeate was treated aerobically in an Aerobic Membrane Bioreactor (AMBR). The AMBR acted as a COD-polishing and ammonia removal step. About 26% of the recalcitrant SCOD from SAMBR2 could be aerobically degraded in the AMBR. In addition, 97.7 % of the ammonia–nitrogen was converted to nitrate in the AMBR at a maximum nitrogen-loading rate of 0.18 kg NH4–N/m3 day. GC–MS analysis was performed on the reactor effluents to determine their composition and what compounds were recalcitrant.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Accepted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2018 05:06
Last Modified: 13 May 2019 00:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: anaerobic membrane bioreactor; nitrification; municipal solid waste; two-stage process; recalcitrants
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090409 Wastewater Treatment Processes
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960912 Urban and Industrial Water Management
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2009.03.030

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