Threat and opportunity: the impact of social inclusion and likeability on anonymous feedback, self-esteem, and belonging

Machin, Tanya M. and Jeffries, Carla H. (2017) Threat and opportunity: the impact of social inclusion and likeability on anonymous feedback, self-esteem, and belonging. Personality and Individual Differences, 115. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0191-8869

Abstract

The aim of the study was to extend previous research on feedback giving behaviour by investigating whether (a) recalling a previous experience of social inclusion or exclusion prior to providing performance feedback to a likeable or less likeable feedback recipient impacts on anonymous performance evaluations, and (b) people experience a change in self-esteem and belonging after providing anonymous feedback. Two hundred and forty-one participants took part in the online study. Participants were asked to either recall a previous experience of social inclusion, social exclusion, or what they had eaten in the past 48 hours (control). They were then asked to evaluate a book review attributed to either a likeable or relatively less likeable target. Hypotheses 1 and 2 were not supported such that performance feedback was not positively modified regardless of feedback recipient likeability. Hypothesis 3 was not supported such that self-esteem and belonging did not increase after providing performance feedback. However, subsequent analyses demonstrated that there is a complex interaction between the social inclusion manipulation and feedback recipient likeability on changes in self-esteem and belonging after providing feedback. The theoretical implications of the findings as well as the practical implications will be discussed.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2017 04:13
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 23:17
Uncontrolled Keywords: need to belong, likeability, social exclusion, anonymous feedback
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.11.055
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30123

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