Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves

Cardona, F. and Ku, H. and Pattarachaiyakoop, N. and Rogers, D. and Trada, M. (2007) Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves. Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 21 (14). pp. 2137-2146. ISSN 0920-5071


A commercial phenol formaldehyde based resole thermosetting resin supplied by Borden Chemical Australia Pty. was filled with ceramic-based fillers (Envirospheres “SLG”) to increase its fracture toughness. By testing fracture toughness at a range of filler addition levels, the optimal addition level of SLG was able to be determined in terms of workability, cost and performance. The composites obtained were post-cured in conventional oven and in microwaves respectively. It was found that the fracture toughness of the microwave cured composites were up to 37 % higher than those cured in conventional oven when the percentage by weight of SLG varies from 0 to 35%. The time required for post-curing was also reduced from 10 hours (in conventional oven) to 40 minutes (in microwaves).

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:18
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: phenol formaldehyde; phenolic resin; microwaves; envirospheres; SLG; short bar test; viscosity
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
03 Chemical Sciences > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030205 Non-metal Chemistry
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1163/156939307783152867

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