Recreational football training improved health-related physical fitness in 9- to 10-year-old boys

Wang, Jin and Cao, Liquan and Xie, Pengfei and Wang, Jianxiong (2016) Recreational football training improved health-related physical fitness in 9- to 10-year-old boys. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness . ISSN 0022-4707

Abstract

Background: Recreational football is an aerobic/anaerobic intermittent sport with altering exercise periods at high or low intensity. Various football drills and body movement in this exercise may easily attract children to take part in. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that recreational football training would improve the health-related physical fitness in healthy 9- to 10-year-old boys, compared to the outcome from non-exercise boys.

Methods: Forty boys were randomly allocated into the football and control groups. Body composition, predicted maximal oxygen uptake, heart rate responses during submaximal exercise, running ability, muscle strengths, and body balance and flexibility were measured before and after the experimental period. No dietary modification was suggested to the boys in this study.

Results: Following 10 weeks of recreational football training, the football group achieved significant improvements in body fat% (-2.42%), fat mass (-0.93kg), abdominal fat (-0.06kg), 50-meter run (-0.9s), long jump (+7.6cm), core muscle strengths (front bridge increased 10.9s and side bridge increased 5.6s), and body balance (single-leg standing time increased 5.2s). The heart function during submaximal exercise and predicted maximal oxygen uptake were also significantly improved in the trained boys. There were no changes in these variables of the control group. There was no sport injury occurred during the training program. The daily energy intake was not changed for all boys before and after the interventions.

Conclusion: the 10-week recreational football training is an effective method to improve the health-related physical fitness in 9- to 10-year-old boys.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Article first published online 28 Oct 2016. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2017 04:26
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2017 06:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: football; recreation; boys; physical fitness; recreation
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being)
Identification Number or DOI: doi:10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06620-2
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/30000

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