Exercise training improved body composition, cardiovascular function, and physical fitness of 5-year-old children with obesity or normal body mass

Tan, Sijie and Chen, Cheng and Sui, Mingyang and Xue, Lunan and Wang, Jianxiong (2017) Exercise training improved body composition, cardiovascular function, and physical fitness of 5-year-old children with obesity or normal body mass. Pediatric Exercise Science, 29 (2). pp. 245-253. ISSN 0899-8493

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Abstract

Objectives: To explore the effects of exercise training on body composition, cardiovascular function, and physical fitness in 5-year-old obese and lean children.

Methods: 42 obese and 62 lean children were randomly allocated into exercise and control groups separately. Body composition, cardiovascular function, and physical fitness were measured at baseline and the end of the intervention. The exercise groups participated in 10 weeks of supervised moderate intensity exercise training (at 50% of heart rate reserve), 50 training sessions in total.

Results: The physical activity program was successfully completed and no sport injury occurred. Exercise training decreased BMI, waist circumference, body fat%, and fat mass; and slowed down the growth speed of body mass of both trained obese and lean children. Exercise training significantly decreased systolic blood pressure of obese children and decreased their heart rate responses during exercise. Trained obese children improved the performances of long jump, 10-m x 4 shuttle run, and 3-m balance beam walk; while trained lean children improved more items of physical fitness.

Conclusions: 10 weeks of moderate intensity exercise training is an effective and safe treatment for children aged five years, either obese or with normal body mass.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Access to Accepted version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing
Date Deposited: 11 May 2017 02:49
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2018 22:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: childhood obesity, exercise, cardiovascular function, physical fitness
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111403 Paediatrics
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1123/pes.2016-0107
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29897

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