Mathematical modelling of applanation tonometry for intraocular pressure measurements

Ermakov, Andrei M. and Bauer, Svetlana M. (2016) Mathematical modelling of applanation tonometry for intraocular pressure measurements. In: 55th ASMR National Scientific Conference: Next Generation Healthcare - Merging Biology and Technology , 13-15 Nov 2016, Gold Coast, Australia.

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Intraocular pressure (IOP) is an important aspect in the evaluation of patients at risk from glaucoma.
Applanation tonometry estimates intraocular pressure by quantifying the force needed to generate a defined amount of deformation of the cornea (Goldmann Tonometry) or by estimating the diameter of the circular contact area of the cornea and flat tonometer of defined load (Maklakoff Tonometery). The geometrical parameters of eyes essentially vary for different people and change with age, different pathologies of vision or after refractive surgery. The corneal responses are not fully understood and predictable. It is now clear that mathematical modelling plays an important role in the analysis of the overall mechanical interactions between cornea and sclera. Proposed model can elucidate how scleral properties may play a role in determining IOP.
In the developed model, the shell of an eye is considered to consist of two segments with different mechanical properties. The two-segments shell is filled with incompressible liquid under the pressure. Nonlinear theory of shells that takes into account normal and shear stresses, and normal strain is used to analyze deformations since the deformation of the shell part, which models the cornea, is significant. The effect of the geometrical and physical properties of the shell on the results of the modelling is studied.
The model shows that tonometry readings do not always reflect true IOP values. For example, if IOP is not very high and after refractive surgery the thickness of the cornea is small the cornea may buckle and detach from the tonometer.
This model permits to estimate the effect of parameters of a sclera on the change of the IOP after injections into a vitreous body. Considering nonlinear shells model could be used to explain different results of elastotonometry.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Speech)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Oral presentation. Abstract only to be published in conference proceedings.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2016 02:01
Last Modified: 30 May 2017 00:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomechanics, shell theory, intraocular pressure
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110601 Biomechanics
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091308 Solid Mechanics

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