Reflective minds and open hearts: cognitive style and personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community sample

Browne, Matthew and Pennycook, Gordan and Goodwin, Belinda and McHenry, Melinda (2014) Reflective minds and open hearts: cognitive style and personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community sample. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44 (7). pp. 736-742. ISSN 0046-2772

Abstract

We examined associations between two psychological constructs, analytic cognitive style and the personality facet ‘Openness to Experience’, and several dimensions of religiosity: religious affiliation, strength of faith and spiritual epistemology. In a relatively large (N = 1093), older community sample (M = 55.4 years), analytic cognitive style was associated with a lower probability of affiliating with a religious denomination and a higher probability of possessing strong religious faith. Overall, openness was also associated with a lack of religious affiliation but was positively related to possessing a spiritual epistemology. A path-analytic model revealed that openness had a positive relationship to both faith and religious denomination that was mediated by spiritual epistemology, but negative direct relationships with religiosity after the meditational effects were taken into account. Taken together, these results extend previous findings on the effect of cognitive style on religiosity and provide a new perspective on the complex relationship between cognitive and personality factors and different dimensions of religiosity.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2016 01:08
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2016 01:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: religiosity; spirituality; cognitive style; personality
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170111 Psychology of Religion
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2059
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29878

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