Local community attitudes towards mangrove forest conservation: lessons from Bangladesh

Roy, Anjan Kumer Dev (2016) Local community attitudes towards mangrove forest conservation: lessons from Bangladesh. Marine Policy, 74. pp. 186-194. ISSN 0308-597X

Abstract

Degradation of mangrove ecosystems is a major concern in many countries of the world. This study examines
the attitudes and perceptions of local communities towards the conservation of the world's largest mangrove
forest, the Sundarbans in Bangladesh. Village households were interviewed. The Schlager and Ostrom's
theoretical framework was applied to reveal local forest-dependent people's positive attitudes towards
conservation and that their socio-economic and demographic characteristics influenced these attitudes. They
valued those functions that were directly linked to their economic wellbeing and were inclined to engage in
alternative livelihood activities provided illegal access to forest resources were curtailed. Respondents living
adjacent to the forests admitted their illegal access due to a lack of alternative economic opportunities. 60% of
the respondents viewed that present state property rights regime violated their harvesting rights. More than half
of the people (57%) surveyed desired to participate in conservation practices as proprietors. Policy directives in
line with Schlager and Ostrom's theory for de facto and de jure ownerships and management change may
provide some scope for development of sustainable livelihoods for forest dependent people from the
conservation of critical mangrove ecosystems like the Sundarbans.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this record may not be displayed.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2016 02:08
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2016 02:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: attitudes; conservation conflicts; local communities; mangrove ecosystems; perceptions; sundarbans
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050199 Ecological Applications not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140299 Applied Economics not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.09.021
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29783

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