Predictors of successful employment outcomes for adolescents with autism spectrum disorders: a systematic literature review

Pillay, Yosheen and Brownlow, Charlotte (2017) Predictors of successful employment outcomes for adolescents with autism spectrum disorders: a systematic literature review. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 4 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 2195-7177


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental condition increasing in overall prevalence and consequently impacting on the number of adolescents seeking post-school employment. A systematic literature review was conducted on the predictors of successful outcomes for adolescents with ASD post-compulsory education. An extensive search in education, psychology and behavioural sciences yielded 297 articles and eight satisfied all inclusion criteria. The methodological quality of the included articles was assessed using an established criteria list. Four predictors were identified: supported workplace intervention, ASD traits and behavioural intervention, functional independence interven- tion, and family advocacy intervention. From the review, it is recommended that future research in this area may benefit from using samples across a variety of populations in order to determine whether similar interventions apply to these samples. Strengths of the findings of this review include consistent outcomes across different study designs in the four identified domains. The recency of the findings makes them relevant for families, education policy and legislation and practitioners.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version in accordance with copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 04:05
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 03:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; employment; adolescence; systematic literature review
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110319 Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920209 Mental Health Services
C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920403 Disability and Functional Capacity
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s40489-016-0092-y

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