Investigating the effect of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) on postoperative pain intensity in adolescents undergoing surgery: a randomized controlled trial

Maroufi, Mohsen and Zamani, Shahla and Izadikhah, Zahra and Marofi, Maryam and O'Connor, Peter (2016) Investigating the effect of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) on postoperative pain intensity in adolescents undergoing surgery: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72 (9). pp. 2207-2217. ISSN 0309-2402

Abstract

Aim. To investigate the efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for postoperative pain management in adolescents.

Background. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is an inexpensive, non-pharmacological intervention that has successfully been used to treat chronic pain. It holds promise in the treatment of acute, postsurgical pain based on its purported effects on the brain and nervous system.

Design. A randomized controlled trial was used.

Methods. Fifty-six adolescent surgical patients aged between 12-18 years were allocated to gender-balanced Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
(treatment) or non-Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (control)groups. Pain was measured using the Wong-Baker FACES� Pain Rating Scale (WBFS) before and after the intervention (or non-intervention for the control
group).

Findings. A Wilcoxon signed-rank test demonstrated that the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing group experienced a significant reduction in
pain intensity after treatment intervention, whereas the control group did not. Additionally, a Mann–Whitney U-test showed that, while there was no significant
difference between the two groups at time 1, there was a significant difference in pain intensity between the two groups at time 2, with the Eye Movement
Desensitization and Reprocessing group experiencing lower levels of pain.

Conclusion. These results suggest that Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing may be an effective treatment modality for postoperative pain.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Second place winner for the USQ School-Specific 2016 Publication Excellence Awards for Journal Articles - School of Psychology and Counselling. Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2016 05:22
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2018 02:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent health, EMDR, experiment, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, nursing, pain, surgery
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111004 Clinical Nursing: Tertiary (Rehabilitative)
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/jan.12985
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29718

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