Evaluation of physical and durability characteristics of new headed glass fiber–reinforced polymer bars for concrete structures

Benmokrane, Brahim and Mohamed, Hamdy M. and Manalo, Allan and Cousin, Patrice (2017) Evaluation of physical and durability characteristics of new headed glass fiber–reinforced polymer bars for concrete structures. Journal of Composites for Construction, 21 (2). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1090-0268

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of a collaborative research project with Quebec’s Ministry of Transportation and the Ontario’s Ministry of Transportation, which aimed at characterizing a new type of headed glass-fiber-reinforced-polymer (GFRP) reinforcing bar and evaluating its suitability as internal reinforcement for concrete structures. To achieve these objectives, the project was implemented in three stages: (1) evaluation of the physical and mechanical properties; (2) determination of the pullout behavior in concrete; and (3) characterization of the long-term durability of the headed GFRP bars. A total of 57 specimens embedded in a 200 mm concrete cube were tested with the direct pullout test to investigate the effect of confinement, bar size, concrete compressive strength, and exposure conditions on the pullout behavior of the headed GFRP bars. Simultaneously, microstructural analyses and measurements of the physicochemical and mechanical properties were carried out on conditioned and unconditioned headed GFRP bars. The results show that the materials, geometry, and interface configuration of the head provided very good mechanical interlocking to the GFRP bars. Up to 63% and 53% of the guaranteed tensile strength of the straight GFRP bars were achieved for 15.9 mm and 19 mm diameter bars with headed ends, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry showed no material changes in the head and bars after exposure to alkaline solution and freeze–thaw cycling. Exposure to the alkaline solution under sustained loading had the most detrimental effect, with the bar retaining 79.4% of its pullout strength. The results indicate that the tested headed GFRP bar has suitable mechanical and durability properties for use as reinforcement in concrete bridge components.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Accepted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2016 02:19
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 04:34
Uncontrolled Keywords: Glass-fiber-reinforced polymer; headed bar; physical; mechanical; durability; freeze-thaw, alkaline environment, concrete, pullout strength
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CC.1943-5614.0000738
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29717

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