Fire performance of basalt fibre composites under tensile loading

Feih, S. and Bhat, T. and Ab Raham, A. and Chevali, V. and Liu, X. and Mouritz, A. P. (2014) Fire performance of basalt fibre composites under tensile loading. In: 16th European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM 2014, 22-26 June 2014, Seville, Spain.

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In this paper, the fire structural resistance of a basalt fibre composite is determined experimentally and analytically. The basalt fibre composite is compared against an equivalent laminate reinforced with E-glass fibres. The fire structural survivability of the basalt fibre composite was inferior to the glass fibre laminate when exposed to the same radiant heat flux. The materials were weakened by thermal softening and decomposition of the polymer matrix and tensile softening of the fibre reinforcement, and these events occurred at similar temperature ranges and property loss rates. It was determined that the inferior fire resistance of the basalt fibre composite is due mainly to the material's lower emissivity which causes higher temperatures within the material for the same radiant heat flux.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Institute for Agriculture and the Environment
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2016 00:44
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2018 05:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: Basalt fibre composites; Fire exposure; Tensile loading
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090499 Chemical Engineering not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering

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