The effects of the MORE wisdom resources on spousal caregivers’ life satisfaction: an application of the resilience model

Kim, Seungyoun and Knight, Bob G. (2016) The effects of the MORE wisdom resources on spousal caregivers’ life satisfaction: an application of the resilience model. Clinical Gerontologist. ISSN 0731-7115

Abstract

Objective: Models of resilience suggest that psychosocial resources and their interactions facilitate resilience while experiencing life challenges of caregiving. The MORE wisdom resources (sense of Mastery, Openness to experience, Reflective attitude, and Emotion regulation) have been suggested as possible personal resources of resilience that predict positive health outcomes of caregivers. Applying a model of resilience, this study examined the direct and
indirect effects of the three of the MORE wisdom resources (sense of Mastery, Openness to experience, and Emotion regulation) on caregiving spouses’ life satisfaction and perceived physical health.

Methods: Using data from the survey of Midlife in the United States, caregiving spouses (n=114)and matched non-caregivers (n=114) were included. We compared the direct and indirect effects of the wisdom resources on life satisfaction and physical health between the two groups.

Results: The simple mediation model (Preacher & Hayes, 2008) revealed that openness to experience was directly associated with better life satisfaction among caregiving spouses. Sense of mastery and emotion regulation had indirect effects on life satisfaction through spousal support. The effects the wisdom resources on caregiving spouses’ perceived physical health were not found.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that the three of the MORE wisdom resources are possible personal resilience factors influencing life satisfaction among caregiving spouses. Moreover, the study showed how spousal support mediates the relationship between the wisdom resources and life satisfaction. Findings reveal potential areas for intervention to improve life satisfaction of caregiving spouses.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online 7 July 2016. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2017 03:25
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 02:25
Uncontrolled Keywords: caregiving spouses; MORE wisdom resources; social support; resilience; life satisfaction
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111703 Care for Disabled
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111707 Family Care
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified
C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/07317115.2016.1209607
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29456

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