Individual differences in age and self-efficacy in the unemployed

Albion, Majella J. and Fernie, Karen M. and Burton, Lorelle J. (2005) Individual differences in age and self-efficacy in the unemployed. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57 (1). pp. 11-19. ISSN 0004-9530

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This study investigated the role of age in influencing the relationships among general self-efficacy, proactive attitude, and proactive coping in unemployed people. The sample consisted of 55 male and 49 female unemployed Australians participating in Job Search Training courses. They completed the General Self-Efficacy (GSE) Scale, the Proactive Attitude (PA) Scale, and the Proactive Coping (PC) Scale. The GSE, PA, and PC scores were found to be correlated, and a moderating effect for age was found on the relationship between PA and GSE. Regression analysis indicated that the moderation process could be explained by a mediating effect of PC. The results are discussed in terms of social learning theory and implications are drawn regarding customisation of training programs for the unemployed.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. 'This is an electronic version of an article published in Australian Journal of Psychology, 57 (1), 11-19. Australian Journal of Psychology is available online at:'
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:16
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 06:18
Uncontrolled Keywords: efficacy; unemployment; age
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment
22 Philosophy and Religious Studies > 2203 Philosophy > 220311 Philosophical Psychology (incl. Moral Psychology and Philosophy of Action)
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520599 Social and personality psychology not elsewhere classified
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4410 Sociology > 441001 Applied sociology, program evaluation and social impact assessment
50 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 5003 Philosophy > 500311 Philosophical psychology (incl. moral psychology and philosophy of action)
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
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