Exploring environmental factors in nursing workplaces that promote psychological resilience: constructing a unified theoretical model

Cusack, Lynette and Smith, Morgan and Hegney, Desley and Rees, Clare S. and Breen, Lauren and Witt, Regina R. and Rogers, Cath and Williams, Alison and Cross, Wendy and Cheung, Kin (2016) Exploring environmental factors in nursing workplaces that promote psychological resilience: constructing a unified theoretical model. Frontiers in Psychology, 7 (May). pp. 1-8. ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

Building nurses’ resilience to complex and stressful practice environments is necessary to keep skilled nurses in the workplace and ensuring safe patient care. A unified theoretical framework titled Health Services Workplace Environmental Resilience Model (HSWERM), is presented to explain the environmental factors in the workplace that promote nurses’ resilience. The framework builds on a previously-published theoretical model of individual resilience, which identified the key constructs of psychological resilience as self-efficacy, coping and mindfulness, but did not examine environmental factors in the workplace that promote nurses’ resilience. This unified theoretical framework was developed using a literary synthesis drawing on data from international studies and literature reviews on the nursing workforce in hospitals. The most frequent workplace environmental factors were identified, extracted and clustered in alignment with key constructs for psychological resilience. Six major organizational concepts emerged that related to a positive resilience-building workplace and formed the foundation of the theoretical model. Three concepts related to nursing staff support (professional, practice, personal) and three related to nursing staff development (professional, practice, personal) within the workplace environment. The unified theoretical model incorporates these concepts within the workplace context, linking to the nurse, and then impacting on personal resilience and workplace outcomes, and its use has the potential to increase staff retention and quality of patient care.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available under open access.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2016 01:00
Last Modified: 15 May 2017 06:02
Uncontrolled Keywords: resilience; nurses; workplace; environment
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00600
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29136

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