The influence of trait-negative affect and compassion satisfaction on compassion fatigue in Australian nurses

Craigie, Mark and Osseiran-Moisson, Rebecca and Aoun, Samar and Brown, Janie and Hemsworth, David and Francis, Karen and Hegney, Desley and Rees, Clare (2015) The influence of trait-negative affect and compassion satisfaction on compassion fatigue in Australian nurses. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8 (1). pp. 88-97. ISSN 1942-9681

Abstract

For this study, we examined the nature of the unique relationships trait-negative affect and compassion satisfaction had with compassion fatigue and its components of secondary traumatic stress and burnout in 273 nurses from 1 metropolitan tertiary acute hospital in Western Australia. Participants completed the Professional Quality of Life Scale (Stamm, 2010), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (Lovibond & Lovibond, 2004), and the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs, 1983). Bivariate correlation and hierarchical regression analyses were performed to examine and investigate 4 hypotheses. The results demonstrate a clear differential pattern of relationships with secondary traumatic stress and burnout for both trait-negative affect and compassion satisfaction. Trait-negative affect was clearly the more important factor in terms of its contribution to overall compassion fatigue and secondary traumatic stress. In contrast, compassion satisfaction’s unique pro- tective relationship only related to burnout, and not secondary traumatic stress. The results are therefore consistent with the view that compassion satisfaction may be an important internal resource that protects against burnout, but is not directly influential in protecting against secondary traumatic stress for nurses working in an acute-care hospital environment. With the projected nursing workforce shortages in Australia, it is apparent that a further understanding is warranted of how such personal variables may work as protective and risk factors.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 05 May 2016 05:04
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 06:07
Uncontrolled Keywords: compassion fatigue; compassion satisfaction; trait-negative affect; burnout; secondary traumatic stress; nurses
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920210 Nursing
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1037/tra0000050
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29101

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