Assessing the roles of community forestry in climate change mitigation and adaptation: a case study from Nepal

Pandey, Shiva Shankar and Cockfield, Geoff and Maraseni, Tek Narayan (2016) Assessing the roles of community forestry in climate change mitigation and adaptation: a case study from Nepal. Forest Ecology and Management, 360. pp. 400-407. ISSN 0378-1127


Integration of the mitigation and adaptation roles of forests is important in addressing climate change issues. Community forests (CFs) have capacity to contribute in both roles as local communities are collectively working to improve forests and to fulfil their own basic forest product needs. Nowadays, an incentive mechanism for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, conservation of forests, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of carbon stocks in forests (REDD+) is
emerging and already has received considerable attention in achieving climate change mitigation whereas there has been little analysis of its potential contribution to adaptation objectives, particularly at the community level. Therefore the overarching goal of this study was to analyse CFs from a mitigation and adaptation perspective. This study assesses 105 CFs covering a range of forest types managed by
socially diverse communities of Nepal. Two point carbon data (2010 and 2013) was analysed to investigate differences in carbon stocks in these forests following the introduction of a REDD+ pilot program in Nepal. Similarly, a document review and focused group discussions were organised to evaluate the livelihood support and adaptation potential of pilot REDD+ CFs. This study found that community forest user groups (CFUGs) have increased forest carbon stocks and that the pilot REDD+ projects are also
delivering livelihood benefits which ultimately will help adaptation to adverse climatic conditions. However, the motivation for communities to realise REDD+ carbon incentives may reduce the food supplement capacity of forests by limiting vegetation diversity.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Institute for Agriculture and the Environment
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 00:13
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2018 02:20
Uncontrolled Keywords: REDD+; climate change; community forests; carbon stock; livelihoods
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070502 Forestry Biomass and Bioproducts
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2015.09.040

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