Childhood obesity and the income gradient: evidence from Australia

Nghiem, Son and Khanam, Rasheda (2016) Childhood obesity and the income gradient: evidence from Australia. Applied Economics, 48 (50). pp. 1-10. ISSN 0003-6846

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Abstract

This paper examines the dynamic nature of human capital formation in the context of childhood obesity and the association of household income and childhood obesity in Australia using the first five waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). Our results show a strong evidence of dynamic nature of child obesity: the lag obesity is a significant and robust predictor of obesity in the current period. We also found that the main channel for childhood obesity is inter-generational trait: the probability of obesity in children born to an obese mother or father is 15% higher than that of other children. Other important determinants are lifestyle factors, including the consumption of drinks with a high sugar content and the
amount of time watching TV. Income becomes an insignificant determinant of childhood obesity once we control for unobserved individual heterogeneity.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Submitted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2016 04:00
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 02:42
Uncontrolled Keywords: childhood obesity; income gradient; Australia
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2016.1164827
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/29075

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