Water policy implementation in the state of São Paulo, Brazil: key challenges and opportunities

Barbosa, Marina Costa and Alam, Khorshed and Mushtaq, Shahbaz (2016) Water policy implementation in the state of São Paulo, Brazil: key challenges and opportunities. Environmental Science and Policy, 60. pp. 11-18. ISSN 1462-9011


Challenges in implementing water planning and management are common, and the effective implementation of integrated water policies is yet to occur. In Brazil, the state of São Paulo enacted a Water Act in 1991 to ensure water availability for current and future generations based on the principles of decentralization, participation and integration. This research addresses water policy implementation issues by conducting an exploratory case study in the state of São Paulo. Factors affecting the water policy implementation process were analyzed, together with some water resources management practices. The findings indicate four dimensions of key challenges: institutional and governance, political,
financial and technical. The stakeholders believe the political and the institutional and governance challenges are more important than the technical and
financial ones. Additionally, the results show different levels of involvement in the areas of water policy strategy, the planning and decision-making process, and
implementation by the different stakeholders groups. Stakeholders external to the water sector and from
local government were considered to be less involved in water-related issues, when compared with stakeholders from the water sector. The study recommends a change in current institutional and governance arrangements in order to influence decisions and investments in different levels and sectors.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 18 May 2016 23:50
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2017 23:38
Uncontrolled Keywords: policy implementation; water resources management; stakeholders’ involvement; São Paulo state; Brazil
Fields of Research : 12 Built Environment and Design > 1299 Other Built Environment and Design > 129999 Built Environment and Design not elsewhere classified
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
16 Studies in Human Society > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160507 Environment Policy
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960709 Urban Water Policy
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960611 Urban Water Evaluation (incl. Water Quality)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2016.02.017
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28967

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