A process to graphically demonstrate distance errors associated with local ground-based coordinate systems

Gibbings, P. D. (2017) A process to graphically demonstrate distance errors associated with local ground-based coordinate systems. Survey Review, 49 (356). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0039-6265


This paper describes an empirical process for graphically illustrating, on any project, and using any particular distance accuracy specification, boundaries where significant errors could be introduced in derived ground distances as a result of using local ground-based coordinate systems. The process involves selecting three-dimensional points across the project site, replacing their heights with combined scale factor corrections, and creating contours to represent potential distance errors. The resultant contour map shows potential distance errors in parts per million, which, for comparison with accuracy specifications and practical deliberations, are considered millimetres per kilometre. The effectiveness will depend on the spacing of the selected points and the topography of the project site, but on most projects today closely spaced three dimensional points are readily available. The benefits were demonstrated on an example site, with the conclusion that the process is robust and effective, and will have applications on many large scale civil construction sites, residential estate developments, and other surveys where local ground-based coordinate systems may be used.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2016 06:08
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2017 03:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: GNSS; local ground-based coordinates; map projections; scale factors
Fields of Research : 12 Built Environment and Design > 1299 Other Built Environment and Design > 129999 Built Environment and Design not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970112 Expanding Knowledge in Built Environment and Design
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/00396265.2016.1172815
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28964

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