Influence of regular exercise on body fat and eating patterns of patients with intermittent claudication

Leicht, Anthony and Crowther, Robert G. and Golledge, Jonathan (2015) Influence of regular exercise on body fat and eating patterns of patients with intermittent claudication. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16 (5). pp. 11339-11354. ISSN 1661-6596

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Abstract

This study examined the impact of regular supervised exercise on body fat, assessed via anthropometry, and eating patterns of peripheral arterial disease patients with
intermittent claudication (IC). Body fat, eating patterns and walking ability were assessed in 11 healthy adults (Control) and age- and mass-matched IC patients undertaking usual care (n = 10; IC-Con) or supervised exercise (12-months; n = 10; IC-Ex). At entry, all groups exhibited similar body fat and eating patterns. Maximal walking ability was greatest for Control participants and similar for IC-Ex and IC-Con patients. Supervised exercise resulted in significantly greater improvements in maximal walking ability (IC-Ex 148%–170% vs. IC-Con 29%–52%) and smaller increases in body fat (IC-Ex −2.1%–1.4% vs. IC-Con 8.4%–10%). IC-Con patients exhibited significantly greater increases in body fat compared with Control at follow-up (8.4%–10% vs. −0.6%–1.4%). Eating patterns were similar for all groups at follow-up. The current study demonstrated that regular, supervised exercise significantly improved maximal walking ability and minimised increase in body fat amongst IC patients without changes in eating patterns. The study supports the use of supervised exercise to minimize cardiovascular risk amongst IC patients. Further studies are needed to examine the additional value of other lifestyle interventions such as diet modification.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2016 23:45
Last Modified: 09 May 2016 05:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: body fat; skinfold; walking; claudication; diet; training
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.3390/ijms160511339
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28962

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