Yield and nitrogen accumulation and partitioning in winter wheat under elevated CO2: a 3-year free-air CO2 enrichment experiment

Han, Xue and Hao, Xingyu and Lam, Shu Kee and Wang, Heran and Li, Yingchun and Wheeler, Tim and Ju, Hui and Lin, Erda (2015) Yield and nitrogen accumulation and partitioning in winter wheat under elevated CO2: a 3-year free-air CO2 enrichment experiment. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 209. pp. 132-137. ISSN 0167-8809

Abstract

Fossil fuel combustion and deforestation have resulted in a rapid increase in atmospheric [CO2] since the 1950’s, and it will reach about 550 μmol mol-1 in 2050. Field experiments were conducted at the Free-air CO2 Enrichment facility in Beijing, China. Winter wheat was grown to maturity under elevated [CO2] (550±17μmol mol-1) and ambient [CO2] (415±16μmol mol-1), with high nitrogen (N) supply (HN, 170 kg N ha-1) and low nitrogen supply (LN, 100 kg Nha-1) for three growing seasons from 2007 to 2010.
Elevated [CO2] increased wheat grain yield by 11.4% across the three years. [CO2]-induced yield enhancementswere 10.8% and 11.9% under low N and high N supply, respectively. Nitrogen accumulation under elevated [CO2] was increased by 12.9% and 9.2% at the half-way anthesis and ripening stage across three years, respectively. Winter wheat had higher nitrogen demand under elevated [CO2] than ambient [CO2], and grain yield had a stronger correlation with plant Nuptake after anthesis than before anthesis at high [CO2]. Our results suggest that regulating on the N application rate and time, is likely important for sustainable grain production under future CO2 climate.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2016 02:59
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2016 04:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE); nitrogen uptake; nitrogen accumulation; winter wheat
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0799 Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 079999 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960399 Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2015.04.007
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28861

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