Emergency service demand in Queensland during natural disasters

Wahalathanthri, Buddhi and Lokuge, Weena and Karunasena, Warna and Setunge, Sujeeva (2015) Emergency service demand in Queensland during natural disasters. In: 5th International Conference on Building Resilience, 15-17 July 2015, Newcastle, Australia.

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Abstract

Community resilience is a growing research area due to increased frequency, intensity and the extent of damage caused by recent natural disasters. There are different aspects which need to be accounted in a community resilience model. One key area that needs to be examined in this context is the mobility of people. Natural disasters cause changes in travel demand before, during and after the event. Travel demand in these three phases significantly varies in terms of need, pattern and mode of travel. The need for mobility of people also varies around a natural disaster, and hence, it expects a change in travel patterns for emergency services, general household activities and reconstruction activities. Demand for emergency services generally expects to be peaking in time of the incident starting a few hours before the event, for natural disasters like floods and bushfires. These variations in travel demand may depend on the intensity and frequency of the natural disaster, impact on the community and the duration of the event. Studying travel demand variations due to natural disasters are an important aspect in developing a resilience model, particularly for road infrastructures such as bridges, culverts and floodways. This paper examines emergency service demand variation in Queensland, Australia during bushfires and floods. The paper highlights that demand for emergency services depends on the type of natural disaster, the demographic and geographic characteristics. Future resilience models should, therefore, include emergency service demand variation for different types of natural disasters and demographic and geographic characteristics of the region.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright 2015 by The University of Newcastle. No evidence of restrictions preventing deposit of Accepted Version.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2016 02:43
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2016 00:32
Uncontrolled Keywords: travel demand; natural disasters; road infrastructures; mobility; household travels; emergency services; reconstruction activities
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090505 Infrastructure Engineering and Asset Management
12 Built Environment and Design > 1204 Engineering Design > 120402 Engineering Design Knowledge
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090502 Construction Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Funding Details:
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28665

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