Magnetic fields on young, moderately rotating Sun-like stars - I. HD 35296 and HD 29615

Waite, I. A. and Marsden, S. C. and Carter, B. D. and Petit, P. and Donati, J. F. and Jeffers, S. V. and Boro Saikia, S. (2015) Magnetic fields on young, moderately rotating Sun-like stars - I. HD 35296 and HD 29615. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 449 (1). pp. 8-24. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

Observations of the magnetic fields of young solar-type stars provide a way to investigate the signatures of their magnetic activity and dynamos. Spectropolarimetry enables the study of these stellar magnetic fields and was thus employed at the Télescope Bernard Lyot and the Anglo-Australian Telescope to investigate two moderately rotating young Sun-like stars, namely HD 35296 (V119 Tau, HIP 25278) and HD 29615 (HIP 21632). The results indicate that both stars display rotational variation in chromospheric indices consistent with their spot activity, with variations indicating a probable long-term cyclic period for HD 35296. Additionally, both stars have complex, and evolving, large-scale surface magnetic fields with a significant toroidal component. High levels of surface differential rotation were measured for both stars. For the F8V star HD 35296 a rotational shear of ΔΩ = 0.22^{+0.04}_{-0.02} rad d-1 was derived from the observed magnetic profiles. For the G3V star HD 29615, the magnetic features indicate a rotational shear of ΔΩ = 0.48_{-0.12}^{+0.11} rad d-1, while the spot features, with a distinctive polar spot, provide a much lower value of ΔΩ of 0.07_{-0.03}^{+0.10} rad d-1. Such a significant discrepancy in shear values between spot and magnetic features for HD 29615 is an extreme example of the variation observed for other lower mass stars. From the extensive and persistent azimuthal field observed for both targets, it is concluded that a distributed dynamo operates in these moderately rotating Sun-like stars, in marked contrast to the Sun's interface-layer dynamo.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available in accordance with Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 16 May 2016 00:17
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2018 05:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: profiles; star activity; stars; HD 35296; HD 29615; magnetic field; solar-type stars; starspots
Fields of Research : 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv006
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28568

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