Platform chemicals production from food wastes using a biorefinery concept

Kiran, Esra Uckun and Trzcinski, Antoine P. and Liu, Yu (2015) Platform chemicals production from food wastes using a biorefinery concept. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 90 (8). pp. 1364-1379. ISSN 0268-2575

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According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), one-third of food produced globally for human consumption (nearly 1.3 billion tons) is lost along the food supply chain. Food waste has often been incinerated with other combustible municipal wastes for possible recovery of heat or other forms of energy, and the residual ash is disposed of in landfills. However, incineration is not cost-effective, and can potentially cause air pollution. Therefore, green technology is urgently needed for appropriate management of food waste with a focus on material recovery. Due to its organics- and nutrients-rich nature, food waste could be viewed as a useful resource for production of high-value platform chemicals through fermentation. Compared with animal feed or traditional fuel for transportation, platform chemicals obviously have higher economic value, i.e. more profitable. Recently, technologies for production of value added bio-products (e.g. organic acids, biodegradable polymers, etc.) from various kinds of food wastes have gained more and more interest. This review attempts to examine the state of the art of the fermentation technologies of food waste for production of platform chemicals, with emphasis on the Asia-Pacific region.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Accepted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 18 May 2016 23:50
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2018 04:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: bioconversion; fermentation; production; waste treatment and waste minimisation; biomass; bioprocesses
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/jctb.4551

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