Evaluating measures of optimism and sport confidence

Fogarty, Gerard J. and Perera, Harsha N. and Furst, Andrea J. and Thomas, Patrick R. (2016) Evaluating measures of optimism and sport confidence. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 20 (2). pp. 81-92. ISSN 1091-367X


The psychometric properties of the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R), the Sport Confidence Inventory (SCI), and the Carolina SCI (CSCI) were examined in a study involving 260 athletes. The study aimed to test the dimensional structure, convergent and divergent validity, and invariance over competition level of scores generated by these instruments. Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) supported the measurement models for the SCI and CSCI but favoured a two-dimensional model for the LOT-R. ESEM analyses of the total pool of 33 items indicated satisfactory divergent validity among these optimism and sport confidence measures with the only overlap occurring between the LOT-R and CSCI measures of optimism. The SCI discriminated among athletes participating at different competitive levels and emerged as the most suitable instrument for measuring individual differences in sport confidence. The CSCI emerged as a better measure of optimism in a sporting context than the more general LOT-R.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Linguistics, Adult and Specialist Education
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2016 02:48
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 03:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: instrument validity and reliability, optimism, sport confidence
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130399 Specialist Studies in Education not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/1091367X.2015.1111220
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28528

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