Renewable energy-driven desalination technologies: a comprehensive review on challenges and potential applications of integrated systems

Ghaffour, Noreddine and Bundschuh, Jochen and Mahmoudi, Hacene and Goosen, Mattheus F. A. (2015) Renewable energy-driven desalination technologies: a comprehensive review on challenges and potential applications of integrated systems. Desalination, 356. pp. 94-114. ISSN 0011-9164

Abstract

Despite the tremendous improvements in conventional desalination technologies, its wide use is still limited due primarily to high energy requirements which are currently met with expensive fossil fuels. The use of alternative energy sources is essential to meet the growing demand for water desalination. In the last few decades a lot of effort has being directed in the use of different renewable energy (RE) sources to run desalination processes. However, the expansion of these efforts towards larger scale plants is hampered by several techno-economic challenges. Several medium-scale RE-driven desalination plants have been installed worldwide. Nevertheless, most of these plants are connected to the electrical grid to assure a continuous energy supply for stable operation. Furthermore, RE is mostly used to produce electric power which can be used to run desalination systems. This review paper focuses on an integrated approach in using RE-driven with an emphasis on solar and geothermal desalination technologies. Innovative and sustainable desalination processes which are suitable for integrated RE systems are presented. An assessment of the benefits of these technologies and their limitations are also discussed.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2016 02:04
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2018 00:10
Uncontrolled Keywords: renewable energy; desalination; solar and geothermal energy-driven integrated systems; emerging processes; sustainable technologies
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2014.10.024
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28526

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