A Flight Simulator Study of the Impairment Effects of Startle on Pilots During Unexpected Critical Events

Martin, Wayne L. and Murray, Patrick S. and Bates, Paul R. and Lee, Paul S. Y. (2016) A Flight Simulator Study of the Impairment Effects of Startle on Pilots During Unexpected Critical Events. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 6 (1). pp. 24-32. ISSN 2192-0923


Abstract

Recent aircraft accidents have implicated startle as contributory, or directly causal, in situation outcome. The startle reflex is a ubiquitous response to surprising stimuli, which results in aversive movement and attentional orienting. Fear-potentiated startle, where a startling stimulus is experienced in the presence of conditions which are appraised as harmful or threatening, has the effect of initiating and exacerbating the stress response, particularly where threat persists, such as during an aircraft emergency. The deleterious effects of this stress response on cognitive function are discussed. Results from startle research in a B737 flight simulator showed considerable cognitive impairment in approximately one third of participants.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2016 04:04
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2021 04:40
Uncontrolled Keywords: startle; simulator study; surprise
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1799 Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology > 520499 Cognitive and computational psychology not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1027/2192-0923/a000092
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28501

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