Modelling the confinement of spilled oil with floating booms

Zhu, SongPing and Strunin, Dmitry V. (2001) Modelling the confinement of spilled oil with floating booms. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 25 (9). pp. 713-729. ISSN 0307-904X

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[Abstract]: An effective mechanical method of confining the oil spills in an open ocean is to use barriers such as floating booms. However, the confined oil may leak beneath a boom if either the towing speed of the boom or the amount of oil is too large. In this paper a simple mathematical model based on the potential theory is presented for the two-layer (oil and water) flow near a vertical barrier. A set of non-linear integral equations is formulated and solved numerically. For the indirect approach we adopted to solve the non-linear integral equations, the water velocity at the water-oil upstream contact point becomes a determining parameter of the final results. It is shown that the oil leakage under the barrier is impossible if the contact point is a stagnation one. For other non-stagnation cases, we were able to compute flows up to critical Froude numbers beyond which the oil will leak underneath the barrier.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author's version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Maths and Computing
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:15
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:47
Uncontrolled Keywords: engineering; mathematics; modelling; mechanics
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090702 Environmental Engineering Modelling
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/S0307-904X(01)00008-7

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