Effects of regional climate change on brown rust disease in winter wheat

Junk, J. and Kouadio, L. and Delfosse, P. and El Jarroudi, M. (2016) Effects of regional climate change on brown rust disease in winter wheat. Climatic Change, 135 (3-4). pp. 439-451. ISSN 0165-0009

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Abstract

Projected climate changes will affect wheat crop production both in the main processes of plant growth and development but also in the occurrences and severities of plant diseases. We assessed the potential infection periods of wheat leaf rust (WLR) at two climatologically different sites in Luxembourg. A threshold-based model, taking hourly values of air temperatures, relative humidity and precipitation during night-time into account, was used for calculating favourable WLR infection days during three periods throughout the cropping season. Field experiments were conducted during the 2003–2013 period at the selected sites. Projected climate data, from a multi model ensemble of regional climate models (spatial resolution 25 km) as well as an additional projection with a higher spatial resolution of 1.3 km, were used for investigating the potential WLR infection periods for two future time spans. Results showed that the infections of WLR were satisfactorily simulated during the development of wheat at both sites for the 2003–2013 period. The probabilities of WLR detection were close to 1 and the critical success index ranged from 0.80 to 0.94 (perfect score = 1 for both). Moreover, the highest proportions of favourable days of WLR infection were simulated during spring and summer at both sites. Regional climate projections showed an increase in temperatures by 1.6 K for 2041–2050 and by 3.7 K for 2091–2100 compared to the reference period 1991–2000. Positive trends in favourable WLR infection conditions occur at both sites more conducive than in the reference period due to projected climatic conditions.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Open Access.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Institute for Agriculture and the Environment
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2016 02:22
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2018 05:57
Uncontrolled Keywords: infection periods; plant disease monitoring; regional climate modelling; wheat leaf rust
Fields of Research : 04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040105 Climatology (excl.Climate Change Processes)
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070308 Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s10584-015-1587-8
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28361

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