Testimony method to ameliorate post-traumatic stress symptoms: Community-based intervention study with Mozambican civil war survivors

Igreja, Victor and Kleijn, Wim C. and Schreuder, Bas J. N. and Van Dijk, Janie A. and Verschuur, Margot (2004) Testimony method to ameliorate post-traumatic stress symptoms: Community-based intervention study with Mozambican civil war survivors. British Journal of Psychiatry , 184 (3). pp. 251-257. ISSN 0007-1250

Abstract

Background: The effectiveness of the testimony method has not been established in rural communities with survivors of prolonged civil war.

Aims: To examine the effectiveness and feasibility of a testimony method to ameliorate post-traumatic stress symptoms.

Method: Participants (n=206) belonged to former war zones in Mozambique. They were divided into a case (n=137) and a non-casegroup (n=69). The case group was randomly divided into an intervention (n=66) and a control group (n=71). Symptoms were measured during baseline assessment, post-intervention and at an 11-month follow-up.

Results: Post-intervention measurements demonstrated significant symptom reduction in both the intervention and the control group. No significant differences were found between the intervention and the control group. Follow-up measurements showed sustained lower levels of symptoms in both groups, and some indications of a positive intervention effect in women.

Conclusions: A remarkable drop in symptoms could not be linked directly to the intervention. Feasibility of the intervention was good, but controlling the intervention in a small rural community appeared to be a difficult task to accomplish.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 28318
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business - Department of Law
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2016 02:55
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 02:38
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111714 Mental Health
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1192/bjp.184.3.251
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28318

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only