The drinking expectancy questionnaire for men who have sex with men (DEQ-MSM): a measure of substance-related beliefs

Mullens, Amy B. and Young, Ross McD. and Dunne, Michael P. and Norton, Graham (2011) The drinking expectancy questionnaire for men who have sex with men (DEQ-MSM): a measure of substance-related beliefs. Drug and Alcohol Review, 30 (4). pp. 372-380. ISSN 0959-5236


Introduction and Aims: Alcohol expectancies are associated with drinking behaviour and post-drinking use thoughts,
feelings and behaviours. The expectancies held by specific cultural or sub-cultural groups have rarely been investigated. This research maps expectancies specific to gay and other men who have sex with men (MSM) and their relationship with substance use.This study describes the specific development of a measure of such beliefs for alcohol, the Drinking Expectancy Questionnaire
for Men who have Sex with Men (DEQ-MSM).

Design and Methods: Items selected through a focus group and
interviews were piloted on 220 self-identified gay or other MSM via an online questionnaire.

Results: Factor analysis revealed three distinct substance reinforcement domains (‘Cognitive impairment’, ‘Sexual activity’ and ‘Social and emotional facilitation’).
These factors were associated with consumption patterns of alcohol, and in a crucial test of discriminant validity were
not associated with the consumption of cannabis or stimulants. Similarities and differences with existing measures will also be discussed.

Discussion and Conclusions: The DEQ-MSM represents a reliable and valid measure of outcome expectancies, related to alcohol use among MSM,and represents an important advance as no known existing alcohol expectancy measure, to date, has been developed and/or normed for use among this group. Future applications of the DEQ-MSM in health promotion, clinical settings and research may contribute to reducing harm associated with alcohol use among MSM, including the development of alcohol use among young gay men.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 28254
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 17 May 2016 23:46
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2017 03:44
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol expectancy; alcohol use; reinforcement from drinking; factor analysis
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00225.x

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only