The cannabis expectancy questionnaire for men who have sex with men (CEQ-MSM): a measure of substance-related beliefs

Mullens, A. B. and Young, R. McD. and Dunne, M. and Norton, G. (2010) The cannabis expectancy questionnaire for men who have sex with men (CEQ-MSM): a measure of substance-related beliefs. Addictive Behaviors, 35. pp. 616-619. ISSN 0306-4603


Objective: Substance-related expectancies are associated with substance use and post-substance use thoughts, feelings and behaviours. The expectancies held by specific cultural or sub-cultural groups have rarely been investigated. This research maps expectancies specific to gay and other men who have sex with men (MSM) and their relationship with substance patterns and behaviours following use, including sexual practices (e.g., unprotected anal intercourse). This study describes the development of a measure of such beliefs for cannabis, the Cannabis Expectancy Questionnaire for Men who have Sex with Men (CEQ-MSM).

Method: Items selected through a focus group and interviews were piloted on 180 self-identified gay or other MSM via an online questionnaire.

Results: Factor analysis revealed six distinct substance reinforcement domains ('Enhanced sexual
experience', 'Sexual negotiation', 'Cognitive impairment', 'Social and emotional facilitation', 'Enhanced
sexual desire', and 'Sexual inhibition'). The scale was associated with consumption patterns of cannabis, and in a crucial test of discriminant validity not with the consumption of alcohol or stimulants.

Conclusions: The CEQ-MSM represents a reliable and valid measure of outcome expectancies, related to cannabis among MSM. Future applications of the CEQ-MSM in health promotion, clinical settings and research may contribute to reducing harm associated with substance use among MSM, including HIV transmission.

Statistics for USQ ePrint 28253
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 17 May 2016 23:47
Last Modified: 20 May 2016 00:10
Uncontrolled Keywords: cannabis; expectancy; reinforcement from cannabis; factor analysis; MSM
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.01.006

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only