Aging and the effects of emotion on cognition: implications for psychological interventions for depression and anxiety

Knight, Bob G. and Durbin, Kelly (2015) Aging and the effects of emotion on cognition: implications for psychological interventions for depression and anxiety. PsyCh Journal, 4 (1). pp. 11-19. ISSN 2046-0252

Abstract

We review findings from laboratory research on age differences in the effects of emotion on cognition. Particular attention is given to sadness leading to mood congruent memory and to anxiety leading to selective attention bias to threat. While older adults in normal moods show the positivity effect as expected from socio-emotional selectivity theory, older adults whose mood has changed from baseline to sad or anxious show these mood-related cognitive biases. These mood-related biases are a foundational part of the theory underlying cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and so these laboratory findings suggest ways that CBT may work differently with older adults. Pilot work suggests that the presence or absence of these effects may also predict responsiveness to treatment using CBT.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2016 05:08
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2016 03:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: anxiety; cognitive behavior therapy with older adults; depression; mood-related cognitive biases
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920502 Health Related to Ageing
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/pchj.84
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28205

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