An assessment of direct on-farm energy use for high value grain crops grown under different farming practices in Australia

Maraseni, Tek and Chen, Guangnan and Banhazi, Thomas and Bundschuh, Jochen and Yusaf, Talal (2015) An assessment of direct on-farm energy use for high value grain crops grown under different farming practices in Australia. Energies, 8 (11). pp. 13033-13046.

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Abstract

Several studies have quantified the energy consumption associated with crop production in various countries. However, these studies have not compared the energy consumption from broad range of farming practices currently in practice, such as zero tillage, conventional tillage and irrigated farming systems. This study examines direct on-farm energy use for high value grain crops grown under different farming practices in Australia. Grain farming processes are identified and “typical” farming operation data are collected from several sources, including published and unpublished literature, as well as expert interviews. The direct on-farm energy uses are assessed for 27 scenarios, including three high value grain crops―wheat, barley and sorghum―for three regions (Northern, Southern and Western Australia) under three farming conditions with both dryland (both for conventional and zero-tillage) and irrigated conditions. It is found that energy requirement for farming operations is directly related to the intensity and frequency of farming operations, which in turn is related to tillage practices, soil types, irrigation systems, local climate, and crop types. Among the three studied regions, Western Australia requires less direct on-farm energy for each crop, mainly due to the easily workable sandy soils and adoption of zero tillage systems. In irrigated crops, irrigation energy remains a major contributor to the total on-farm energy demand, accounting for up to 85% of total energy use.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Made available though Creative Commons Attribution License Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2016 02:33
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2016 01:28
Uncontrolled Keywords: grain industry; on-farm energy; irrigation energy; zero tillage; conventional tillage
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960302 Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
Identification Number or DOI: 10.3390/en81112353
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/28070

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