Behaviour of hollow pultruded GFRP square beams with different shear span-to-depth ratios

Muttashar, Majid and Karunasena, Warna and Manalo, Allan and Lokuge, Weena (2016) Behaviour of hollow pultruded GFRP square beams with different shear span-to-depth ratios. Journal of Composite Materials, 50 (21). pp. 2925-2940. ISSN 0021-9983

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It is important to determine accurately the elastic properties of fibre-reinforced polymer composites material, considering that their member design is often governed by deflection rather than strength. In this study, the elastic properties of the pultruded glass fibre-reinforced polymer square sections were evaluated firstly using full-scale with different shear span to depth (a/d) ratios and tested under static four-point bending. Back calculation and simultaneous methods were then employed to evaluate the flexural modulus and shear stiffness and were compared with the results of the coupon tests. Secondly, the full-scale beams were tested up to failure to determine their capacity and failure mechanisms. Finally, prediction equations describing the behaviour of the pultruded glass fibre-reinforced polymer square beams were proposed and compared with the experimental results. The results indicate that the back calculation method gives more reliable values of elastic properties of glass fibre-reinforced polymer profiles. In addition, the behaviour of the beams is strongly affected by the a/d ratios. The shear was found to have a significant contribution on the behaviour of
beams with lower a/d ratios while the flexural stress played a major part for higher a/d ratios. The proposed equation, which accounts for the combined effect of the shear and flexural stresses, reasonably predicted the failure load of pultruded glass fibre-reinforced polymer square beams.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Submitted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2016 06:24
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2016 03:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: elastic properties, characterization, shear, flexural, failure load, GFRP beams
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1177/0021998315614993

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