Development of a reproducible evaluation and classification system for sun-protective garments incorporating body surface coverage

Harrison, Simone and Downs, Nathan (2015) Development of a reproducible evaluation and classification system for sun-protective garments incorporating body surface coverage. In: 2015 International Conference on Textile Science and Engineering (CTSE 2015), 23-25 October, 2015, Suzhou, China.

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Sunlight is a known skin carcinogen. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in humans, and typically affects sun-exposed parts of the body. Clothing provides a protective barrier that reduces the amount of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) reaching the skin. Australia pioneered the development of a relative ranking of the sun-protective capabilities of clothing based on the transmission of UVR through fabric. Standardized Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF) measurement procedures and associated labeling specifications are documented in the Standard, AS/NZS 4399:1996. Since its introduction in 1996, this standard has been adopted universally by the textile industry, and is still in use almost two decades on, with plans to revise it only commencing relatively recently. The current standard does not consider garment design, particularly in relation to body surface coverage. Skin cancer prevention campaigns should emphasize the sun-protective benefits of clothing and collaboration with the fashion industry is urgently needed to improve the aesthetic appeal, comfort, durability and affordability of sun-protective clothing to increase its popularity in skin cancer prone populations. In light of recent evidence showing that clothing which covers more of the body surface slows the rate of development of pigmented moles in children (major risk factor for melanoma), the rating system for sun-protective clothing should communicate body surface coverage as well as the UPF rating of the fabric. We discuss progress towards developing a protocol for testing and classifying sun-protective clothing, which if successful, may influence international standards in the future.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright © 2014 by author(s) and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. Published version made available in accordance with Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 23:55
Last Modified: 31 May 2017 03:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: skin cancer; sun-protection; clothing; ultraviolet radiation; child; health; UPF
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine
02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920412 Preventive Medicine

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