Investigating interoception and body awareness in adults with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder

Fiene, Lisa and Brownlow, Charlotte (2015) Investigating interoception and body awareness in adults with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism Research, 8 (6). pp. 709-716. ISSN 1939-3792


This study aimed to investigate the current gap in the literature with regard to how adults with and without Autism
Spectrum Disorder (ASD) interpret elements of the interoceptive sense, which includes thirst, hunger, temperature, satiety, and the prediction of onset of illness. Adults with a diagnosed ASD (n574; 36 males, 38 females) were compared to a control group (n5228; 53 males, 174 females, 1 unspecified) in their self-reported perceptions of body awareness utilizing the Body Awareness Questionnaire (BAQ) and thirst awareness using the Thirst Awareness Scale (TAS). Those in the ASD group reported a clinically significant lower body and thirst awareness compared to the control group, and this was a large effect (BAQ; d521.26, P<0.001; TAS; d521.02, P<0.001). These findings are of clinical importance, as difficulty with sensing internal bodily states could theoretically impact on the physical and mental health, social interactions and self-awareness of adults with ASD.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2016 04:57
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2016 04:55
Uncontrolled Keywords: ASD; Asperger's syndrome; autism; body awareness; hunger; interoception; temperature; thirst
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/aur.1486

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