Histopathological assessment of Fusarium pseudograminearum colonization of cereal culms during crown rot infections

Knight, Noel L. and Sutherland, Mark W. (2016) Histopathological assessment of Fusarium pseudograminearum colonization of cereal culms during crown rot infections. Plant Disease, 100 (2). pp. 252-259. ISSN 0191-2917

Abstract

Histopathological assessment of the crown rot pathogen Fusarium pseudograminearum was performed using fluorescence microscopy of culm tissues of six cereal genotypes grown in inoculated field conditions. Tissue samples were collected at 10, 16 and 22 weeks after planting (WAP). Colonisation of culm tissues was initiated through epidermal penetration, most distinctly through stomatal apertures, and progressed into the parenchymatous hypoderm, which exhibited the discoloration used as the basis for visual assessment of disease. Hyphae spread from the culm base vertically through the tissues, initially via the hypoderm and pith cavity. Colonisation of sclerified cells occurred later in the disease process. Both xylem and phloem tissues became colonised by 16 WAP in all host genotypes, with colonisation being less extensive in the more resistant genotypes. Culms displaying dead head symptoms revealed dense colonisation in at least the first three internodes, with frequent xylem vessel and phloem cell occlusions. Paired living culms from the same plants exhibited less extensive colonisation. These observations have revealed the ability of F. pseudograminearum to colonise all cell types of nodal and internodal sections, including vascular tissues, across all host genotypes. This study is the first detailed examination of the pattern of F. pseudograminearum colonisation in adult hosts and indicates a potential vascular mechanism by which the effects of crown rot are produced.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: c. American Phytopathological Society 2016. Permanent restricted access to Published version.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2016 02:23
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2018 01:01
Fields of Research : 06 Biological Sciences > 0607 Plant Biology > 060704 Plant Pathology
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070308 Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1094/PDIS-04-15-0476-RE
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/27892

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