Review of pre-treatments used in anaerobic digestion and their potential application in high-fat cattle slaughterhouse wastewater

Harris, Peter W. and McCabe, Bernadette K. (2015) Review of pre-treatments used in anaerobic digestion and their potential application in high-fat cattle slaughterhouse wastewater. Applied Energy, 155. pp. 560-575. ISSN 0306-2619

Abstract

This paper explores pre-treatment options for the anaerobic digestion (AD) of high-fat cattle slaughterhouse wastewater by assessing and attempting to compare pre-treatment methods used to treat various waste streams. The central focus on cattle slaughterhouse wastewater stems from the problematic nature of high fat, oil and grease (FOG) present in Australian red meat processing (RMP) waste
water.

Fully integrated abattoirs such as those operating in Australia typically produce wastewaters that carry
high FOG loads of 100–4000+ mg/L. While excessive levels of fat can be inhibitory to the AD process,
these fats contain a very high theoretical methane potential of 1014 L CH4/kg VS when compared with
carbohydrates at 370 L CH4/kg VS and proteins at 740 L CH4/kg VS. However, due to the hydrophobic
and inhibitory nature of fat, oil and grease, accessing this methane potential is difficult. This article serves
as a review of the literature in the field of pre-treatment of wastewaters and subsequent anaerobic digestion
with the goal of increasing biogas yield, with an emphasis on digestion of wastes high in fat, oil and
grease. This review covers mechanical pre-treatments including high-pressure homogenisation, ultrasonication
and electrokinetic disintegration, and other forms of pre-treatment including thermal, chemical,
thermochemical, and enzymatic hydrolysis, and biochemical emulsification. Biological pre-treatments,
also known as pre-hydrolysis and two stage digestion are briefly reviewed. The most significant considerations
for selecting a pre-treatment technology are the energy balance and costs. Therefore, this review
will also provide a commentary on the advantages and disadvantages of the pre-treatment methods
reviewed and conclude by evaluating their relative worth in pre-treating FOG.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2015 02:53
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2016 05:57
Uncontrolled Keywords: biogas; anaerobic digestion; lipid; biomethane potential; abattoir; pre-treatment
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090409 Wastewater Treatment Processes
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070199 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management not elsewhere classified
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850599 Renewable Energy not elsewhere classified
B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850501 Biofuel (Biomass) Energy
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.06.026
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/27581

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