Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis

Madigan, C. D. and Daley, A. J. and Kabir, E. and Aveyard, P. and Brown, W. (2015) Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis. International Journal of Obesity, 39 (11). pp. 1601-1606. ISSN 0307-0565

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Background/Objectives: Maintaining a healthy weight is important for the prevention of many chronic diseases. Little is known about the strategies used by young women to manage their weight, or the effectiveness of these in preventing weight gain. We aimed to identify clusters of weight control strategies used by women and determine the average annual weight change among women in each cluster from 2000 to 2009.

Methods: Latent cluster analysis of weight control strategies reported by 8125 participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health. Analyses were performed in March-November 2014.

Results: Weight control strategies were used by 79% of the women, and four unique clusters were found. The largest cluster group (39.7%) was named dieters as 90% had been on a diet in the past year, and half of these women had lost 5 kg on purpose. Women cut down on size of meals, fats and sugars and took part in vigorous physical activity. Additionally 20% had used a commercial programme. The next largest cluster (30.2%) was the healthy living group
who followed the public health messages of ‘eat less and move more’. The do nothing group (20%) did not actively control their weight whereas the perpetual dieters group (10.7%) used all strategies, including unhealthy behaviours. On average women gained 700 g per year (over nine years), however the perpetual dieters group gained significantly more weight (210g) than the do nothing group (p<0.001).

Conclusions: Most women are actively trying to control their weight. The most successful approach was to follow the public health guidelines on health eating and physical activity.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Accepted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2016 04:54
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2017 23:44
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2015.116

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