Adoption and use of Web 2.0 technologies: a comparison of four adoption models as a case study of a state government eExtension project

James, David John (2015) Adoption and use of Web 2.0 technologies: a comparison of four adoption models as a case study of a state government eExtension project. [Thesis (PhD/Research)]

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Abstract

The adoption and use of three Web 2.0 technologies (web conferencing, eSurveys, and YouTube videos) were studied using the following four adoption models: the Diffusion of Innovations, the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, the Adoption and Diffusion Outcome Prediction Tool (ADOPT), and Switch: How to change things when change is hard. It is believed that this research study comparing
four quite divergent models is the first of its kind attempted, and similarly its focus on the adoption of Web 2.0 technologies.

The study was conducted within an organisational context of a state government agriculture department. Unlike previous studies which focused on individuals in an
organisational setting with attitude factors such as perceived use, this study considered the actual usage of the technologies by government staff.

A case study approach with mixed methods consisting of quantitative and qualitative techniques utilised the results from six data sets – five surveys and one set of
observational data – all collected as part of the Queensland Government’s eExtension project. Staff actively using the eTechnologies were surveyed for the eExtension
project baseline survey (n=119), the Impact of web conferencing survey (n=56), the Impact of eSurveys survey (n=47), the YouTube video training workshop survey
(n=39) and finally, the Motivation to adopt an innovation survey (n=94). In that final survey, organisational users of the Web 2.0 technologies selected one of the three
technologies – eSurveys, webinars, or YouTube videos – and rated their degree of use of the technology, nominated the factors that encouraged and discouraged adoption of the technology, and then responded to questions from the four adoption models.

The quantitative data was analysed using R (including ANOVA, Principal Components Analysis and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis) and the qualitative data was analysed using content analysis (predominantly undertaken manually but also electronically using Leximancer and Wordle).
While it was not possible to determine whether one of the four models was any more effective than the others at predicting adoption, the Hierarchical Cluster Analysis
confirmed that the Diffusion of Innovations and ADOPT models were robust with minimal overlapping questions within them.

Unlike any previous study reviewed, an analysis was undertaken to determine whether there was a difference between human or technology related questions. An
analysis across all the questions indicated that questions categorised as relating to technological factors were slightly better at predicting adoption that those
categorised as human factors.

This study also identified the factors that encouraged the adoption and use of new technologies, which for eSurveys were the increased efficiency of creating, distributing and analysing surveys; the ease of use for the survey creator and respondent; saving time and money; accessibility of reaching people; and the ease of distribution. These factors for webinars were that they provided more opportunities to interact; reduced travel and were cost effective; provided visual aids in seeing each
other and documents, were easy to use or to get support and assistance. The factors that encouraged adoption of YouTube style videos were their use as a visual tool for
training and/or conveying information; lower costs associated with making video as opposed to other options; greater acceptance and/or demand by the target audience;
and having received training to make the videos. The overall themes that emerged regarding the factors that encouraged adoption of the new technologies were that
they needed to be easy to use, save time and money, and they required the provision of support.

The research study also identified the factors that discouraged adoption of the new technologies. For eSurveys these were learning how to use the technology and the
lack of acceptance of the technology by end-users. For webinars they were the lack of training for organisers and/or participants; lack of Departmental support; potential
participants not accepting the technology and/or not having access to equipment; the preference for face-to-face interaction and the cost. Finally, for YouTube the factors
were lack of training, lack of Departmental support, lack of access to equipment, and lack of time. The overall themes that emerged regarding the factors that discouraged
adoption of the new technologies were lack of training on how to use the new technology, end-users not being receptive to it, lack of departmental support and/or
policy, and lack of access to equipment.

The benefits derived from the use of these modern technologies were also identified, and for web conferencing these were saving travel time, saving travel money, better
engaging with clients and/or colleagues, being more innovative and being more responsive to the needs of clients and/or colleagues. The benefits derived from the
use of eSurveys were being more efficient by saving time and effort when gathering feedback from clients, being more responsive to the needs of clients, being more
innovative, making better informed decisions, and more efficiently gathering feedback after an event. The main benefit derived from YouTube videos was an efficient means of communication without the use of paper.

A new model for the adoption and use of Web 2.0 technologies, the User benefits model, was developed for an organisational setting. It comprises four factors related
to user benefits: contagious benefits, supporting benefits, working smarter benefits and noticeable, trialable benefits.


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Item Type: Thesis (PhD/Research)
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Doctor of philosophy (PhD) thesis.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Management and Enterprise
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 04:46
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2016 03:16
Uncontrolled Keywords: Web 2.0 technologies, web conferencing, eSurveys, YouTube videos, Diffusion of Innovations, Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, Adoption and Diffusion Outcome Prediction Tool (ADOPT), Switch: How to change things when change is hard
Fields of Research : 08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0805 Distributed Computing > 080505 Web Technologies (excl. Web Search)
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/27440

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