Green composite materials [Editorial]

Wang, Hao and Schubel, Peter and Yi, Xiaosu and Zhu, Jin and Ulven, Chad and Qiu, Yiping (2015) Green composite materials [Editorial]. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2015. ISSN 1687-8434

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Global awareness of environmental issues has resulted in the emergence of sustainable and environmentally friendly green materials, which are renewable resources based, recyclable, and biodegradable. These green composite materials can be polymer based or cement based. In the polymer based green composites, natural fibres, such as hemp, flax, jute, kenaf, and sisal, have been used to replace conventional synthetic fibres. On the other hand, bioresins have been derived from starch, vegetable oils, and protein to replace petroleum based polymers. Cement based composites utilise new binders, such as geopolymer and recycled aggregators. The use of renewable and recycled resources reduces the need for petrochemicals and minerals, resulting in reduced natural resources depletion. Commercial products and applications are now emerging for these green composites.

Green composites are regarded as the next generation of sustainable composite materials, gaining significant attention from both academia and industry. This special issue is just a snapshot to present some of the latest progress in green composites fabrication, characterisation, testing, and applications.

The special issue contains eight papers on polymer based green composites, including hemp, flax, and sisal fibre reinforced composites, and polylactic acid and chitosan biopolymers. It also contains five papers on cement based composites, including geopolymers from slag, fly ash, metakaolin, and rice hush ash. There are also papers across these two areas, which use oil palm shell and waste cellulose in cement and concrete.

We hope the information provided in this special issue is useful and offers stimulation to the new development of green composite materials and the promotion of these materials to industrial applications.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright © 2015 Hao Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2016 23:52
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2017 03:51
Uncontrolled Keywords: green materials; green composites
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0910 Manufacturing Engineering > 091012 Textile Technology
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4014 Manufacturing engineering > 401413 Textile technology
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