Fear-potentiated startle: a review from an aviation perspective

Martin, Wayne L. and Murray, Patrick S. and Bates, Paul R. and Lee, Paul S.-Y. (2015) Fear-potentiated startle: a review from an aviation perspective. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 25 (2). pp. 97-107. ISSN 1050-8414

Abstract

Pilot performance following unexpected critical events has been either ineffective or inappropriate in some recent aircraft accidents. The deleterious effects of startle have been identified as causal or contributory in these events. The startle reflex, fight or flight reaction, and stress response are discussed. Threat has the effect of potentiating startle effects and has significant deleterious effects on cognition. This could contribute to poor performance following an unexpected critical event in aviation. Training strategies for improved performance, which would expose pilots to unexpected critical events more often, and develop greater self-efficacy, are discussed.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2016 06:57
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2016 01:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: startle; surprise; simulator training
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1799 Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/10508414.2015.1128293
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/27379

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