The impact of compact urban form on the provision of public road transport

Stager, Martin Franz (2014) The impact of compact urban form on the provision of public road transport. [USQ Project]

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Abstract

With an ever increasing global urban population, cities around the world are searching for urban planning schemes that will aid them in accommodating this future growth whilst limiting boundary expansion. This along with the increased pressure from resource prices, climate change and the consumption of surrounding productive rural areas has led to Compact Urban Form becoming part of many city
planning schemes. Planning for efficient transportation networks within the cities has also become essential for a city becoming more sustainable. Feelings are mixed to
whether Compact Urban Form will actually reduce the reliance on automobiles and help to produce a self-sufficient public bus system.

This dissertation aimed to investigate the effects on public bus patronage if compact urban form was implemented within a single city suburb statistical area. The
available literature was reviewed and a justifiable method of modelling modal choice for transport was selected. A case study statistical area of Chermside was selected
within the Brisbane City Council area. The statistics for the boundary area of Brisbane City were collected from several sources and collated. A distribution model
was created utilizing this data. Trial employment and residential densities were applied to the study area to identify whether the public bus patronage can be modelled to either increase or reduce. A Modal Choice model was attempted without success.

Through the mixed method research it was found that there is a link between employment and residential densities and public bus patronage. The assessment of the data indicated that variables such as household income and average travel
distances of Brisbane city residents do follow the trends found in other cities from other research. It was concluded that the simplified method of modelling could show favourable results for increasing densities based on journey to work figures. This conclusion however is limited by the available collected data.


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Item Type: USQ Project
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Bachelor of Engineering (Civil) project.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Supervisors: Basson, Marita; Grant, Paula; Mahmood, Nateque
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2015 05:15
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 02:42
Uncontrolled Keywords: compact urban form; city planning; roads; public transport; transport modelling; Chermside; Brisbane City Council; Queensland
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090507 Transport Engineering
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/27319

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